How to Create a Dev Environment in Windows 10: Part 1

Hi, guys? Long time, huh? Hope you are all doing great! and you are all safe and sound. Today i would like to help you create a dev/hacking environment in Windows 10. So let’s get right into it.

First you’ll need to make sure you have a Windows 10, updated to 10th May 202 version(Windows 10, Version 2004, Build 19041 or higher).

Now i would like you to install the Windows Subsystem for Linux v1 and 2.

Here’s the installation:

WSL1

Before installing any Linux distributions on Windows, you must enable the “Windows Subsystem for Linux” optional feature.

Open PowerShell as Administrator and run:

dism.exe /online /enable-feature /featurename:Microsoft-Windows-Subsystem-Linux /all /norestart

To only install WSL 1, you should now restart your machine and move on to Install your Linux distribution of choice, otherwise wait to restart and move on to update to WSL 2. Read more about Comparing WSL 2 and WSL 1.

WSL2

To update to WSL 2, you must meet the following criteria:

Enable the ‘Virtual Machine Platform’ optional component

Before installing WSL 2, you must enable the “Virtual Machine Platform” optional feature.

Open PowerShell as Administrator and run: PowerShell

dism.exe /online /enable-feature /featurename:VirtualMachinePlatform /all /norestart

Restart your machine to complete the WSL install and update to WSL 2.

Set WSL 2 as your default version

Run the following command in PowerShell to set WSL 2 as the default version when installing a new Linux distribution: PowerShell

wsl --set-default-version 2

You might see this message after running that command: WSL 2 requires an update to its kernel component. For information please visit https://aka.ms/wsl2kernel. Please follow the link (https://aka.ms/wsl2kernel) and install the MSI from that page on our documentation to install a Linux kernel on your machine for WSL 2 to use. Once you have the kernel installed, please run the command again and it should complete successfully without showing the message.

Note

The update from WSL 1 to WSL 2 may take several minutes to complete depending on the size of your targeted distribution. If you are running an older (legacy) installation of WSL 1 from Windows 10 Anniversary Update or Creators Update, you may encounter an update error. Follow these instructions to uninstall and remove any legacy distributions.

If wsl --set-default-version results as an invalid command, enter wsl --help. If the --set-default-version is not listed, it means that your OS doesn’t support it and you need to update to version 2004, Build 19041 or higher.

Install your Linux distribution of choice

  1. Open the Microsoft Store and select your favorite Linux distribution. View of Linux distributions in the Microsoft Store The following links will open the Microsoft store page for each distribution:

For a development environment i recommend Ubuntu and for Hacking i recommend Kali Linux. But feel free to choose any you like. Linux is linux and we will be working mostly on the terminal.

  1. From the distribution’s page, select “Get”. Linux distributions in the Microsoft store

Set up a new distribution

The first time you launch a newly installed Linux distribution, a console window will open and you’ll be asked to wait for a minute or two for files to de-compress and be stored on your PC. All future launches should take less than a second.

You will then need to create a user account and password for your new Linux distribution.

Ubuntu unpacking in the Windows console

Set your distribution version to WSL 1 or WSL 2

You can check the WSL version assigned to each of the Linux distributions you have installed by opening the PowerShell command line and entering the command (only available in Windows Build 19041 or higher): wsl -l -v PowerShell

wsl --list --verbose

To set a distribution to be backed by either version of WSL please run: PowerShell

wsl --set-version <distribution name> <versionNumber>

Make sure to replace <distribution name> with the actual name of your distribution and <versionNumber> with the number ‘1’ or ‘2’. You can change back to WSL 1 at anytime by running the same command as above but replacing the ‘2’ with a ‘1’.

Additionally, if you want to make WSL 2 your default architecture you can do so with this command: PowerShell

wsl --set-default-version 2

This will set the version of any new distribution installed to WSL 2.

Now we need a good terminal emulator application to manage the OS you’ve installed. I recommend Hyper and Windows Terminal. I use Hyper.

If you are a beginner go over here to learn about basic terminal commands: Terminal Commands.

That’s the end of part 1. Part 2: Coming Soon

One thought on “How to Create a Dev Environment in Windows 10: Part 1

  1. I was very happy to find this page. I wanted to thank you for ones time for this particularly fantastic read!! I definitely really liked every part of it and I have you book-marked to check out new stuff in your web site.

    Like

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